Monatskollekte: Ashwini (Indien)

Ashwini WebGallery_9<div class='url' style='display:none;'>/</div><div class='dom' style='display:none;'>rkmg.ch/</div><div class='aid' style='display:none;'>117</div><div class='bid' style='display:none;'>8745</div><div class='usr' style='display:none;'>3</div>
ASHWINI ist eine Vereinigung, die sich um Gesundheitsbetreuung in der Region Nilgiris kümmert. Ziel ist, ein Gesundheitssystem von Menschen für Menschen anzubieten.
ASHWINI hat sich seit dem Start 1990 zum Ziel gesetzt, dass Menschen ein nachhaltiges und vor allem erschwingliches Gesundheitssystem bekommen. Sie arbeiten vor allem mit Menschen, die am untersten Rand der Gesellschaft stehen (Adivasi = Unberührbare).

Um 20000 Menschen leben im Gudalur-Tal und sind von der indischen Regierung als «Urvölker» klassifiziert. Sie setzen sich zusammen aus vier Hauptgruppen, die im Lauf der letzten Jahrzehnte immer wieder vertrieben wurden. Sie leben oft in den letzten Wäldern - kürzlich hat das oberste Gericht in Indien entschieden, dass der Naturschutz der Urwälder wichtiger sei als der Lebensraum der Menschen, was möglicherweise zu einer erneuten Umsiedlung führt.


ASHWINI (Association for health welfare in the Nilgiris) A health program for the people by the people.

ASHWINI is a registered charitable society established in 1990. Its primary objective is to establish an accessible, effective and sustainable health system that is owned by the community. We believe that empowering communities through a participatory development process builds capacity and culminates in community owned and managed institutions. Ownership of institutions that cater to the mainstream population is a powerful tool in bringing about a change in social equations. The program addresses the needs of more than 20000 Adivasis spread over 320 hamlets in the Gudalur Valley of the Nilgiri hills in South India. This particularly vulnerable tribal community, having lost access to the forests and an entire way of life, were on the edge of being decimated by poverty, malnutrition and disease. The health program started with training health workers to address the critical health needs of the mothers and children. This has, over the years grown to a 50 bedded hospital, The Gudalur Adivasi Hospital, 8 Area-Centres and health volunteers in over 200 hamlets. The training programs also evolved and today we have a formal nursing school. Most importantly, most of the management of ASHWINI is in the hands of the tribal community.

The 20000 odd tribals in the Gudalur valley, classified by the Government as “Primitive tribes” belong to four main groups, the Paniyas, Bettakurumbas, Kattunaikkans and Mullakurumbas with a few Irulas. They have been displaced, time and time again- first by the British who cleared vast tracts of the Adivasis’ forests to plant tea, and then by local plantation owners and others who migrated to the area. The Indian government, at the time of Independence, nationalized the remaining forests and designated them as wildlife sanctuaries.